成人男子の肩幅・肩傾斜角について

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/11263
File
Title
成人男子の肩幅・肩傾斜角について
Title Alternative
Shoulder Length and Shoulder Slope of Grown-up Men
Author
氏名 谷山 和美
ヨミ タニヤマ カズミ
別名 Taniyama Kazumi
氏名 藤田 光子
ヨミ フジタ ミツコ
別名 Fujita Mitsuko
Description

One of the most important things. in making garment s is to have good paper patterns which are so made as to fit one’s body. It is necessary, therefore, to know accurate sizes of parts of the body as well as one’s body type and also the bodily changes according to one's bodily movements. In 1969, 118 women students of Hiroshima Bunka Women's Junior College (aged 18~ 20) and then in 1972, 543 adult women (aged 25 ~ 65) who lived in Hiroshima city and its surrounding areas were measured and a special enquiry was made into shoulder length and shoulder slope of the subjects who consisted of 58 persons aged 25 ~ 29, 90 aged 40 ~ 44 and 50 aged 55 - 65 years. In the present measurement 536 adult men were measured and their shoulder length and shoulder slope were examined. 'The number and the ages of the subjects chosen were 55 persons aged 25 ~ 29, 85 aged 40 ~ 44 and 50 aged 55 ~ 65 years. The measurement was taken during the period between July 3, 1972 and August 5 of the same year. The measurement items were shoulder length (right and left), shoulder slope (right and le ft), shoulder width, neck base girth, stature and weight. The apparatus used for measurement were a steel tape measure, a body angle gauge (the Makino make), a Martin height measure and a weight gauge. The result obtained is briefly summarized as follows. Shoulder length was 13.7~ 14.4cm and was found to become larger as age increased. The right shoulder length was distributed between 12.3 ~ 16.8cm. The left shoulder length was 11.8 ~ 16. 3cm. The range where about 75 % of the subjects were distributed was 12.8 ~ 15.3cm (right) and 12.8 ~ 45.8cm (left). The difference between the right and the left shoulder length was distributed most densely at 0 ~ 0.4cm and this was commonly seen the left shoulder length showed that right = left was 7.4%. right > left 48.4 % and right< left 44.2 %. Shoulder slope was 18.7 ~ 21.9°. The right shoulder slope was found larger than the left through all the age groups. The distribution range of shoulder slope was 12.5 ~ 32. 5° (right) and 10.5 ~ 32.5° (left). The range where about 75 % of the subjects were distributed was 16.5° ~ 28. 5 ° (right) and 14.5° ~ 24.5 ° (left). The difference between the right and the left shoulder slope was distributed most densely at 2°for the groups 25 ~ 29 and 40 ~ 44 years of age and at 4°and - 2° for the group 55 ~ 65 years of age. The distribution of the difference between the right and the left shoulder slope showed that right = left was 11.6%, right > left 54.7% and right < left 33.7%. It was found that right = left becomes prevalent in the older age groups. A dispersive analysis into the tendency of increase and decrease of values among the measurement items and the age groups showed that, except neck base girth and weight, the tendency proved significant at 1%. The ratios of the right shoulder length to shoulder width, neck base girth and stature were 34.0% to shoulder width, 34.0 ~ 35.0 % to neck base girth and 8.6 - 8.7 % to stature. Between the right shoulder length and the left and between the right or the left shoulder length and shoulder width, there could be seen a high correlation of 0.7, while between the right or the left shoulder length and neck base girth, stature or weight, there was a reasonably high correlation among the subjects aged 40 ~ 44 and 55 ~ 65 years. Between the right shoulder slope and the left, there was a high correlation of 0.6 ~ 0.7. Those were all significant at 1 ~ 5%.

Journal Title
広島文化女子短期大学紀要
Volume
7
Spage
37
Epage
51
Published Date
1974-08
Publisher
広島文化女子短期大学
ISSN
09137068
NCID
AN00213869
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hbg