音楽的知覚に関する研究 (Ⅱ) : 幼児の音高弁別

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/11286
File
Title
音楽的知覚に関する研究 (Ⅱ) : 幼児の音高弁別
Title Alternative
Studies in Musical Perception (II) : pitch discrimination in infancy
Author
氏名 古矢 千雪
ヨミ フルヤ チユキ
別名 Furuya Chiyuki
Description

This study is to examine the method of measurement of the pitch discrimination and the development of the ability of the pitch discrimination in infancy. The method of measurement: A. the clue of the physiological change. B. conditioning to the specific tone. C. making (C'. seeking or guessing) the same tone as the presented one. D. judging which tone is higher. E. judging the presented two tones to be same or different. B, C' or E is, I think, the best method in the case of the subjects in infancy. The examination of the development of the ability is as follows. Exp. 1 Method Subjects. 49 infants of four, five and six years old. (See table 1.) Experimental stimuli. See fig. 1. Procedure. The subjects were instructed to listen to two different tones or melodies and judge which tone is higher and mark in the test form. The score was the number of correct answers. Results The results were showed in table 1, 2 and 3. It seems it is difficult for little children to judge which tone is higher. Exp. 2 Method Subjects. 30 infants of four, five and six years old. (See table 4.) Experimental stimuli. See fig. 2. Procedure. The sibjects were instructed to judge the presented two tones to be same or different. Results The results were showed in table 4. It was marked the development from four years to five years. Exp. 3 Method Subjects. 22 infants of three and four years old. (See table 5.) Experimental stimuli. See fig. 3. Procedure. The subjects were instructed to judge the presented two tones to be same or different. If they could not, they were examined whethere they understand or not the meaning of same or different. Results The results were showed in table 5. Three-years-old children could not understand the meaming of the same tones or the different tones. Four-years-old children could slightly judge by hearing.

Journal Title
広島文化女子短期大学紀要
Volume
13
Spage
13
Epage
21
Published Date
1980-04-20
Publisher
広島文化女子短期大学
ISSN
09137068
NCID
AN00213869
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hbg