精神薄弱児(幼児自閉症児を含む)に試みた集団音楽リズム療法の実践

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/11337
File
Title
精神薄弱児(幼児自閉症児を含む)に試みた集団音楽リズム療法の実践
Title Alternative
Practice of the Musical Rythm Therapy Applied on the Group of Mentally Retarded Children (Inclusive of Autistic Children)
Author
氏名 石川 正明
ヨミ イシカワ マサアキ
別名 Ishikawa Masaaki
Description

This is our report on therapeutic practice of the musical rythm therapy applied on the group of children who are mentally retarded (inclusive of autistic children) at Day-Care Center in Hikari-machi, Hirosima. Actual therapy was conducted by ten of my seminar students and three nurses from Child Care Center. Children were divided into two groups; one for children who attend school accompanied with their mothers, and the other by themselves. Seminar students were also divided into two, and they performed above mentioned therapy for the period of 30 munites for the two groups. The purpose of issuing this report rests, primarily, on the introduction of content of this musical therapy itself and emphasis are not, necessarily, placed on the results or diversified form of its process. We chose 'children's songs' to be applied in this therapeutic study and they are not geared to the development of children's musical sensitivity. From our past experience of the similar therapy, we chose the melody of major key which have much joyful mood rather than the music of minor key, and further, we carefully chose the melody of rather speedy tempo and one with much clear rythm along with some musical instruments to attract children's interest and attention. The Effect of Musical Therapeutic Practice Example 1 showed a remarkable effect of this therapy noticed in the child T which, in my opinion, is responsible for the joyful, rythmical tone of the music and none other particular reasons; thus the melody of "Washing Machine" along with the instrument resulted in a very effective way. Example 2 also can be considered as the effectual result of the above mentioned rythm, instrument and joyful mood or the succession of them. The therapy this time ended at the stage of "Rapport" (meaning children in harmoneous rapport with therapist), however, the ideal form of the musical therapy should not stay at this stage. Rather, it should advance beyond the "Rapport" stage onto other lessons in parallel. Some major problems remain for us, therapists, in the future practice, which is, how to make response of children in the area of basic lessons and have children learn by themselves and eventually to become adaptable in the society.

Journal Title
広島文化女子短期大学紀要
Volume
20
Spage
57
Epage
68
Published Date
1987-05-30
Publisher
広島文化女子短期大学
ISSN
09137068
NCID
AN00213869
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hbg