Correlation between Anemia and Eating Habits among Prospective Blood Donors
血液比重 specific gravity in blood
rate of obesity
In order to learn about correlation between anemia and eating habits, this writer accompanied the blood donation campaign in Hiroshima city on a donation bus between June 1 and October 1,1991 and asked female prospective donors to answer a questionnaire. Of all the females hat answred the questionnaire, 15.6% turned out to be inappropriate in blood tests. With the age group under 29, the rate was meaningfully high 19.0%. The same age group showed a meaningfully low rate of obesity. It also showed a meaningfully lower point than the other age groups in 10 out of 15 question items asking about their life-style. The average points they got in the same category of questions was meaningfully low. Furthermore, in the questions asking about the various food groups, they got meaningfully lower points than the other age groups in 9 out of 13 items, resulting in a meaningfully low average point. As for those with pregnancy experiences, a meaningfully large number of those who turned out to be inappropriate as donors had had the same result in blood tests during their pregnancy. Of those who took blood tests for donation before, a meaningfully large number of those who turned out to be inappropriate this time had showed low specific gravity in blood tests at their previous donation. Most anemia cases, especially iron-short anemia can be ameliorated by well-balanced meals, proper excercise, sufficient rest and stress management. It is also of importance that anemia sligh enough to allon a normal life should not be ignored but be treated properly. Women are becoming busier and busier with various activities and people seem to be careless of what they eat nowadays. It is important for us to enhance our knowledge about nutrition and to be careful of our eating habits to keep and promote health. This writer believes it will lead to an increase of domestic blood donation both in quality and in quantity.
Departmental Bulletin Paper