J. S.バッハの鍵盤楽曲における舞踏リズム : パスピエ

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/11418
File
Title
J. S.バッハの鍵盤楽曲における舞踏リズム : パスピエ
Title Alternative
Dance rhythms in J.S.Bach's keyboard works : The passepied
Author
氏名 森川 晴美
ヨミ モリカワ ハルミ
別名 Morikawa Harumi
Subject
音楽史
Historyof music
バロック
Baroque
Description

The word 'passepied' was originally used to describe a dance of Brittany in the 16th century and was characterized by a fast duple-metre dance with the three-bar phrases. But this style was modified in the 17th and 18th century for performing at the court of Louis X IV. The new style of passepied employed the triple-metre with an upbeat, and consisted of two sections with four-bar phrases and a fairly constant movement in quavers and semiquavers. The dance steps of the passepied were identical with those of the minuet. therefore a passepied was often misunderstood as a 'fast minuet' by many writers simply. But passepied is a quite different style of music from minuet. The clear differences are that passepied has a faster movement and also employs some offbeat accents, which are rare in minuet. J. S. Bach composed four passepieds, one for the orchestra and the others for keyboard pieces. However, he also wrote some other pieces in this style but never titled them passepieds. In this paper, the writer studied his three passepieds from the keyboard suites, and five pieces from the "Well-Tempered Clavier" and the "Goldberg variations", which are not titled passepieds but employs the rhythms and the characteristics of the passepied in their styles. As a result of the study, the writer concludes that all of them are characterized by the 3/8 time signature. And Bach didn't employ the notatinal device of the 'double measure', but he used hemiolia and other vacillating grouping of eight notes to create the off-balanced rhythmic effects.

Journal Title
広島文化女子短期大学紀要
Volume
30
Spage
71
Epage
82
Published Date
1997-09-30
Publisher
広島文化女子短期大学
ISSN
09137068
NCID
AN00213869
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hbg