中国からの研修生・実習生における国際労働移動の実態および成否を規定する要因

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/12007
File
Title
中国からの研修生・実習生における国際労働移動の実態および成否を規定する要因
Title Alternative
The Actual Conditions among the Trainee and Technical Intern from China to Japan and the Factos Affecting their Success or Failure.
Author
氏名 礒田 朋子
ヨミ イソダ トモコ
別名 Tomoko ISODA
氏名 香月 保彦
ヨミ カツキ ヤスヒコ
別名 Yasuhiko KATSUKI
Subject
Labor migration
労働移動
Trainee
研修生
Technical Intern
技能実習生
Cost
費用
Earnings
持ち帰った金額
Success or Failure
成否
Abstract

 In 1990, Japan opened a side-door to the international migration of low-skilled temporary workers. Subsequently, temporary migrants have increased in volume. They are considered trainees for the first year of their stay and only receive allowance. However, most of them actually do the same work as other workers. Many problems caused by this migration system have been reported.
 In this article, we focus on temporary migrants from China. How did they live in Chine before migrations? Why they migrant to Japan? What factor affects success or failure in their migrations?
 In 2010 and 2011, we carried out questionnaire surveys of 65 returnees from Japan. Results indicate that four migrants in five were female, 40 percent were married and one half had children. More than four respondents in five migrated because they desired to earn income, 38.5 percent migrated because they want to learn technical skills, 24.6 percent migrated because they want to see Japan. Most migrants are positive in their overall assessment of the impact of migration. Earnings and pre-departure costs are important factors affecting success or failure in their migrations. Results indicate that migrants who had children are more positive than the other in their overall assessment. Household in China is also important factor affecting migration.

Journal Title
社会情報学研究
Volume
18
Spage
51
Epage
60
Published Date
2013-3
Publisher
広島文化学園大学社会情報学部
ISSN
13418459
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
Set
hbg