A Study on the Utilization of Fröbel's “Play” and “Teaching Tools” in Children and Child-Rearing Support Centers : In Consideration of Their Practically (1): “The Song and Music of Fröbel's Mother Play” ( “Mutter-und Kosellieder”
Fr. フレーベル = Fr. Fröbel
教育遊具 = teaching tool
遊び = Play
幼稚園 = Kindergarten
子ども・子育て支援研究センター = Children and Child-Rearing Support Research Center
『母の歌と愛撫の歌』 = The Song and Music of Fröbel's Mother Play = “Mutter-und Koselieder
Fr. Fröbel has been called “the Father of Kindergarten” because he founded a kindergarten in Germany in 1840 as the first one all over the world. Before the foundation, however, he invented “teaching tools” with which children and their mothers or care-givers would play together, in inquiring into principles of human education for fostering children's autonomy. He continued to invent “teaching tools” up to his later life in explicating the principles theoretically and practically. In other words, he invented educational materials, that is, “teaching tools” to use in a kindergarten as a “place” for care-giving before its foundation, and considered that the utilization of the tools at home, in kindergarten or in school would make possible human education that fosters freedom and independence. Why did he ﬁnd signiﬁcance in “play” and invent “teaching tools” that rely on no letter? This study answers the question in considering the practically relations of his “teaching tools” and provides examples of utilizing the tools in children and childrearing support centers. According as the consideration of their practically study (1) is it to make uncovered the Song and Music of Fröbel's Mother Play (“Mutter-und Koselieder) and to explore the whole idea of his book for child care in home and Child-Rearing Support Centers.