Effects of a low-frequency short-term exercise intervention on the physical fitness improvement of middle-aged and elderly persons
middleaged and elderly person
the New Physical Fitness Test of Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a low-frequency, extremely short-term exercise intervention on the improvement of the physical fitness of middle-aged and elderly persons. The subjects were eight middle-aged and elderly persons who participated to an extension course of Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University “The course of Sports and Health for middle-aged and elderly persons 2016”. We conducted an exercise intervention once a week for the subjects over the course of one month（ 5 times）, and measured their physical fitness（ by the New Physical Fitness Test of Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology） before and after the intervention. As a result, the total physical fitness score showed a significant increase（ p<.05） after the exercise intervention. Three of the physical fitness tests,including standing on one leg with eyes open, seated toe touch, and 10 m walking obstaclecourse, showed significant increases （p<.05 in any of the categories）. It is concluded that to improve the physical fitness of middle-aged and elderly persons contributes to extension of healthy life expectancy and improvement of mortality, even if it was a low-frequency, extremely short-term exercise intervention.