バークの強圧諸法批判と『アメリカ課税』

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hbg/metadata/8263
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Title
バークの強圧諸法批判と『アメリカ課税』
Title Alternative
Burke: his Criticism of the Coercive Acts,and “On American Taxation”
Author
氏名 真嶋 正己
ヨミ マジマ マサミ
別名 Majima masami
Subject
Edmund Burke (エドマンド・バーク)
Tea Act (茶法)
Boston Tea Party (ボストン茶会事件)
Coercive Acts (強圧諸法)
American Taxation (アメリカ課税)
Abstract

Though the enactment of the Tea Act and the resulting Boston Tea Party constituted a grand turning point in the American crisis,it was the Coercive Acts,passed in order to punish the Bostonian's conduct,that drove the Colooies to seek independence. In this paper,I analyze Edmund Burke's position vis-?-vis the crisis through his speeches and correspondence,with the aim of investigating its meanings in an actual political context. Burke in fact criticized the Coercive Acts severely,not only because he thought them unjust and ineffective,but because he believed their application would result in the American problem deteriorating beyond the point of repair. He also delivered his well-known speech ''On American Taxation" and ardently seconded a motion for the repeal of the American Tea Duty,his object being to ameriolate the hard feelings of the colonists and prevent the spread of the crisis. With these goals in mind,he proposed that the British government revert to ' the ancient policy ' and allow the colonies to tax themselves. It is said that his ideas were scarcely new; nevertheless,''On American Taxation" is remarkable for the richness of its contents. Lastly I conclude that it represents a Synthesis of his former thoughts on American problem,and that his concept of the British Empire was essentially a federal one.

Journal Title
社会情報学研究
Volume
10
Spage
25
Epage
44
Published Date
2004-12
Publisher
呉大学社会情報学部
ISSN
1341-8459
NCID
AN10586239
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Rights
この論文は国立情報学研究所の電子図書館事業により電子化されました。
Old URI
Set
hbg