Recent Studies in Comparative History of North and South America
Types of Colonies in the New World (植民地類型)
American Indians (アメリカ先住民)
Catholicism and Protestantism (カトリック教とプロテスタント教)
New Atlantic World (新大西洋世界)
It is well known that there are sharp differences in economic，political and cultural fields between North (Anglo) America and South (Latin) America. I have investigated the historical roots of these differences in my previous papers. In this paper，I will review five recently published books concerned with the comparative studies on North and South American history. The first book，M. Zavala's “Hispanoam?rica-Angloam?rica，causas y factores de su diferent evoluci?n", elucidates the differences between English and Spanish colonies in the New World. The second book is Meinig's “The Shaping of America : Atlantic America". He compares“Protestant Commercial America"，with "Catholic Imperial America" in the new historical framework of “Atlantic World" which links together Europeans，Native Americans and Africans in the New World. In the third book，Batista investigates the historical background of the cultural differences between Anglo and Latin America (“Latinoamericanos y norteamericanos，cinco siglos de dos culturas”). In the fourth book，“Development and Underdevelopment in America"，Bernecker et al. pay special attention to the analysis of the historical process which has produced the gap in economic development between the two Americas. The fifth book，Dealy's “The Latin Americans : Sprit and Ethos"，analyzes the differences between the Northamericans and Latinamericans，contrasting the “private man" culture of the United States with the "public man" culture (or Caudillaje culture) of Latin America.
Departmental Bulletin Paper