英語学習における動機づけを高める授業実践 : 自己決定理論の視点から

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hirokoku-u/metadata/11629
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Title
英語学習における動機づけを高める授業実践 : 自己決定理論の視点から
Title Alternative
Instructional intervention on motivating English learners : The Self-Determination Theory viewpoint
Author
氏名 廣森 友人
ヨミ ヒロモリ トモヒト
別名 Hiromori Tomohito
氏名 田中 博晃
ヨミ タナカ ヒロアキ
別名 Tanaka Hiroaki
Abstract

This study investigates whether or not it is possible to motivate English learners by introducing an instructional intervention based on the theoretical perspective of Self-Determination Theory (henceforth, SDT). SDT postulates three psychological needs that enhance human motivation, namely, the need for autonomy, the need for competence, and the need for relatedness. We designed a task-based activity called Group Presentation Activity (henceforth, GP Activity) that has the potential to stimulate the three needs simultaneously, and we gave it to 113 second-year university students (81 males and 32 females) for five weeks. Prior to the beginning of the intervention, students were given questionnaires about intrinsic motivation toward English learning and the three psychological needs. The same questionnaires were administered at the end of the intervention. Changes in scores, i.e., the difference between pre-test and post-test scores, served as the measures of development in students' intrinsic motivation. In addition, to investigate in detail the manner in which the three psychological needs act in terms of enhancing motivation among students, a questionnaire using a free description formula was also administered after the intervention. The results showed that: (1) GP Activity did enhance students' intrinsic motivation; and (2) the need for autonomy and competence played the most significant role in students' motivational development. Finally, some educational implications and suggestions forfuture research are provided.

Journal Title
Language Education & Technology
Issue
43
Spage
111
Epage
126
Published Date
2006-06
Publisher
外国語教育メディア学会
ISSN
0458-7332
NCID
AA11577049
NAID
110008450856
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hirokoku-u