Racial/ethnic comparisons of the psychometric properties of the BIS/BAS scales among young adults in the U.S. and Japan

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hirokoku-u/metadata/12157
File
Title
Racial/ethnic comparisons of the psychometric properties of the BIS/BAS scales among young adults in the U.S. and Japan
Author
氏名 岩田 昇
ヨミ イワタ ノボル
別名 Iwata Noboru
Subject
BIS/BAS scale
cross-cultural/ethnic comparison
Caucasian
Hispanic
African-American
Japanese
Abstract

The measurement properties of the Behavioral Inhibition and Behavioral Activation Scales (BIS and BAS;Carver & White,1994) were examined for five racial/ethnic groups of young adults in the U.S. and Japan;
Caucasians,African-Americans,Hispanics born in and outside the U.S. (n = 459,4 31,489 and 384,respectively),and the Japanese (n = 398). A revised four-factor model,excluding the two reverse-coded
(positive) BIS items,and a five-factor model,which included these two items as another factor,showed a better fit than the original four-factor model. Internal consistencies also were higher for the revised BIS scale. The BAS scales tended to show insufficient internal consistencies. ANCOVAs indicated that: (1)the BIS scores varied more by gender,but the BAS scores varied by race/ethnicity; (2) African-Americans scored lower on the BIS scale,an d the Japanese scored lower on the BAS scales,compared to the other groups; and (3) the BIS/BAS ratio tended to be lower for African-Americans and significantly higher for the Japanese. Also for the Japanese,th e correlation with extraversion was higher for the BIS/BAS ratio than for any of the BIS/BAS scales,suggesting an important aspect of the BIS/BAS balance in the understanding of the relationship of temperament and overt personality traits.

Journal Title
広島国際大学心理科学部紀要
Volume
1
Issue
1(創刊号)
Spage
25
Epage
36
Published Date
2014-03-01
Publisher
広島国際大学心理科学部
ISSN
2188-3734
Language
eng
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
4
Set
hirokoku-u