Pelvic shape of contemporary young women:Related factors and impact on daily life

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hirokoku-u/metadata/12179
File
Title
Pelvic shape of contemporary young women:Related factors and impact on daily life
Title Alternative
現代の成熟期早期の女性の骨盤の形状とその関連因子,日常生活への影響
Author
氏名 新川 治子
ヨミ シンカワ ハルコ
別名 Shinkawa Haruko
氏名 高畑 陽子
ヨミ タカハタ ヨウコ
別名 Takahata Yoko
Subject
不快症状
骨盤外計測
骨盤のバランス
骨盤の大きさ
成熟期早期女性
Abstract

骨盤外計測法は安全で簡便であることから, 医療技術の進歩した現在においてもその有用性が知られているが, 標準値は40 年以上変わっていない。そこで本研究は骨盤外計測器を用いて, 現代の成熟期早期女性の各骨盤径線の変化, 遺伝的因子や減量,運動の経験と骨盤の形状との関係, 日常的な不快症状との関係を明らかにすることを目的とした。結果, 転子間径に有意な発達がみられるが, その他の径線に大きな変化はなかった. また, 転子間径/ 外結合線比は拡大したが, 総合的には骨盤のバランスに著しい変化は認められなかった. 骨盤の発育に出生時体格や遺伝的因子の影響は少なく, 現在の体脂肪率
が有意に関連している. 日常生活上の不快症状のうち下肢のむくみや肩こり, 尿失禁, 腹部膨満感がある女性は, これらの症状のない女性よりも骨盤が大きく, 特に横方向が大きかった. 骨盤痛や易疲労感のある者は外結合線のみが大きいことが明らかとなった.

Being safe and simple, external pelvimetry is also known for its usefulness in current developments in medical technologies. However, its standard measurement values have been used for more than 40 years, since the 1970s.
This study therefore aimed to provide for a better understanding of changes in its standard measurement values by external pelvimetry and how pelvic shape is related to genetic factors, dieting for weight loss, and exercise experience. In addition, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between pelvic size and balance, the daily
discomforts frequently reported by women in early maturity, and to provide data leading to improved care that can contribute to a higher quality of life among women. Our results showed that contemporary women in early maturity have significant development in the intertrochanteric diameter of the pelvis, but no major change in other diameter
lines. Development of the intertrochanteric diameter was associated with a higher intertrochanteric diameter-toexternal
conjugate ratio, but overall, no significant change was noted in pelvic balance. Pelvic size and balance were only slightly influenced by physique at birth and genetic factors, however current body fat percentage was of significant relevance. Of women with discomfort in daily life, those who had leg swelling, stiff neck, urinary incontinence, or abdominal bloating had larger pelvises, especially in the transverse direction, than women who did not have these symptoms. These findings revealed that in women with pelvic pain and fatigability, only the external
conjugate is enlarged.

Journal Title
広島国際大学看護学ジャーナル
Volume
11
Issue
1
Spage
13
Epage
25
Published Date
2014-03-31
Publisher
広島国際大学看護学部
ISSN
1349-5917 
NCID
AA12052528
Language
eng
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
3
Set
hirokoku-u