脊椎後弯患者用ポータブル胸部撮影台の開発と検証

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hirokoku-u/metadata/5024
File
Title
脊椎後弯患者用ポータブル胸部撮影台の開発と検証
Title Alternative
Development and investigation of a portable stand for the chest radiography of kyphosis patients
Author
氏名 荒木 真吾
ヨミ アラキ シンゴ
別名 Araki Shingo
氏名 上田 善武
ヨミ ウエダ ヨシタケ
別名 Ueda Yoshitake
氏名 中村 修
ヨミ ナカムラ オサム
別名 Nakamura Osamu
氏名 森川 薫
ヨミ モリカワ カオル
別名 Morikawa Kaoru
Subject
脊椎後弯症
脊椎変形
ポータブル撮影台
胸部撮影
介助者医療被曝
Abstract

Aged patients with kyphosis caused by fracture of the spine due to osteoporosis and the like has the spine with abnormal curvature.When the chest radiography for this patient is taken in supine position,several problems arise: difficulty to keep accurate radiographic position because of the patient’s pain in contact of the spine deformation part with a film cassette; cutoff of incident x-ray beams due to a radiographic grid inclined by the contact; medical exposure of a radiography assistant; etc. The aim of the present study is to develop a portable stand for the chest radiography in order to solve the above problems.This stand can raise and support the spine deformation part of a patient with a backrest so that this deformation part does not directly touch a grid/cassette.In addition, it provides a cassette holder that can adjust the angle of incident x-ray beams on the deformation part. As a result of clinical application of the present stand,it has been proved that the patient’s pain is well eased, and that the cutoff of x-ray beams due to the inclination of a grid can be effectively suppressed.Moreover, the medical exposure of a radiography assistant was avoided without supporting a patient by virtue of stable positioning of the patient.

Journal Title
医療工学雑誌
Issue
1
Spage
19
Epage
28
Published Date
2007/03/15
Publisher
広島国際大学大学院総合人間科学研究科医療工学専攻
ISSN
1881-9265
NCID
AA12217173
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
3
Old URI
Set
hirokoku-u