北清事変期の広島陸軍予備病院における医療と看護

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hirokoku-u/metadata/6828
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Title
北清事変期の広島陸軍予備病院における医療と看護
Author
氏名 岡本 裕子
ヨミ オカモト ユウコ
別名 Okamoto Yuko
氏名 坂村 八恵
ヨミ サカムラ ヤエ
別名 Sakamura Yae
氏名 隅田 寛
ヨミ スミダ ヒロシ
別名 Sumida Hiroshi
氏名 千田 武志
ヨミ チダ タケシ
別名 Chida Takeshi
Subject
Boxer Rebellion
Japan Red Cross
injured foreign soldiers
medical care
nursing
Abstract

The development of medical care during the Boxer Rebellion (C.1900-1901) was studied using a military report, "Jinba Eisei Gyoumu", about medical service. In the present study, we noticed the introduction of x-rays. In addition, medical care and nursing was provided to injured foreign soldiers by staff of the Japan Red Cross. We compared details of sicknesses and injuries, the numbers of patients, their treatment, and nursing conditions with those of the Sino-Japanese War.
From these comparisons, we find that the remission rate was generally higher than that of the Sino-Japanese War. The use of X-ray for diagnosis was found to make surgery more effective. In fact, there was no case of limb amputation in the Hiroshima Yobi-Byoin during the war. On the other hand, there was no improvement in the treatment, or the prevention of beriberi resulting from eating polished rice supplied by the military authorities.
The Japan Red Cross established a system that enabled relief squads to be dispatched all over Japan. Japan was internationally admired for accepting and treating injured foreign soldiers. However, nursing for Japanese soldiers was less than satisfying and there are no descriptions in the relief reports on improvement of nursing conditions.

Journal Title
広島国際大学看護学ジャーナル
Volume
7
Issue
1
Spage
15
Epage
25
Published Date
2010/03/31
Publisher
広島国際大学看護学部
ISSN
1349-5917
NCID
AA12052528
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
3
Old URI
Set
hirokoku-u