『彼岸過迄』論 : 短編連作小説の枠について

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/12171
File
Title
『彼岸過迄』論 : 短編連作小説の枠について
Title Alternative
On Higan Sugi Made by Soseki NATSUME : About the Frame of a Series of Short Stories
Author
氏名 佐藤 深雪
ヨミ サトウ ミユキ
別名 SATO Miyuki
Subject
夏目漱石
新聞小説
短編小説
偶然性
疫病
Abstract

Higan Sugi Made (To the Equinox and Beyond) written by Soseki NATSUME (1867-1916) is a serialized novel that appeared in the Asahi Newspaper from New Year’s Day to April in 1912. Soseki’s newspaper novels are divided into the early trilogy, Sanshiro, Sorekara (And Then), and Mon (The Gate), and the late trilogy, Higan Sugi Made, Kojin (The Wayfarer), and Kokoro (Heart). Between the early and late trilogies, Soseki had a near-death experience called “Syuzenji no Taikan.” Higan Sugi Made, the first work in the late trilogy, is important since it introduces a method for a series of short stories that Soseki tried throughout the late trilogy.
I examine the historical significance of Higan Sugi Made in the 20th century. There are sources for Higan Sugi Made which have never before been pointed out, and in the first part of this article I focus on the three young men in relationship to these sources. In particular, I analyze Higan Sugi Made with a focus on Keitaro TAGAWA. Although he was a romantic young man who yearns adventure such as managing a rubber plantation, he gave up his dream to make a living and got his position through the agency of Mr. TAGUCHI, an uncle of one of his friends, Ichizo SUNAGA. Keitaro, SUNAGA, and MORIMOTO, who lives in the same boarding house and tells Keitaro about his unique experience, all promote Romanticism over adventure, love, and wealth.
The second part of this article explores the relationship between The Dynamiter (1886) written by Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) and Fanny Osbourne (1840-1914) and Higan Sugi Made. Soseki claimed that Stevenson was his favorite writer (25:153), and he collected 11 books written by Stevenson including New Arabian Nights, More New Arabian Nights .The Dynamiter, and The Master of Ballantrae which influenced Kojin (Sato 2011). I point out how Soseki borrows not only various expressions from The Dynamiter but also its the basic structure to use in his adventure of three young men who solve a double mystery.
In the third section of the article, I discuss how Soseki invites readers to Higan Sugi Made. By creating a private space and public space, newspaper places a boundary region such as human interest stories between them. In part four, I discuss the importance of his framing of that work, especially how Higan Sugi Made is based on a series of short stories focusing on the death of Yoiko. In particular, I discuss how infection and unexplained sudden death frame the stories and explain how they serve as metaphors for twentieth century warfare that brings about meaningless accidental mass mortality.

Description Peer Reviewed
Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
19
Spage
101
Epage
112
Published Date
2013-11-30
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
1341-3546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Set
hiroshima-cu