集団防衛同盟としての西欧連合防衛機構(WUDO)の意義と限界 : 英米の戦略的視点から

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/12285
File
Title
集団防衛同盟としての西欧連合防衛機構(WUDO)の意義と限界 : 英米の戦略的視点から
Title Alternative
Contributions and Limits of Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) as a Collective Defense Alliance : A Perspective from Strategies of the United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.)
Author
氏名 西田 竜也
ヨミ ニシダ タツヤ
別名 NISHIDA Tatsuya
Abstract

This article reports research results on the developmental process of both the Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) during the early Cold War period. NATO transformed itself into a large peacetime military organization from 1949 to 1955. It is important, however, to note that NATO was not intended to become such a large military organization when the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT) was signed in April 1949.
Investigating WUDO, this article provides new evidence and insights on a collective defense organization based on archival research in the United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.). The article finds that WUDO, not NAT, had vigorously developed its military organization until the end of 1948, but the development stagnated soon after. This research also discovers that the U.S. government had not intended to develop NAT into a large military organization before the Korean War occurred. Rather, it intended that Western European countries would build their own defense system as much as possible without American military commitment. Focusing on the developmental process of WUDO, the article reveals why WUDO did not make progress from 1949 and what constraints WUDO faced.

Description Peer Reviewed
Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
21
Spage
13
Epage
31
Published Date
2015-11-30
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部
ISSN
1341-3546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Set
hiroshima-cu