United States Cultural Property Policy and Occupied Japan : the Role of American Experts from the Roberts Commission to the Arts and Monuments Division

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/12332
File
Title
United States Cultural Property Policy and Occupied Japan : the Role of American Experts from the Roberts Commission to the Arts and Monuments Division
Title Alternative
米国の文化財保護政策と占領期日本 : ロバーツ委員会から連合国総司令部美術記念物課に至る時期の米国人専門家たちの役割
Author
氏名 AZIMI Nassrine
ヨミ アジミ ナスリーン
別名 RHAM-AZIMI Nassrine de
Subject
WWII
military occupation
post-war reconstruction
cultural policies
arts and monuments
cultural property protection
Abstract

Even before the American Occupation of Japan (1945-1952) was official, an internal telegram to the then U.S. Secretary of War had outlined its overarching policy for the protection of the defeated enemy’s cultural property. By October 1945 a cluster of American scholars and experts were already in Tokyo, later coalescing into the Arts and Monuments Division of the Civil Information and Education Section, at the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. Initially led by George L. Stout, a Harvard curator known for his work to salvage cultural treasures on the European war front, the group quietly spearheaded an orderly effort to revive or establish protective measures and laws for Japan’s cultural property. That this could be done amidst so many other pressing priorities was remarkable but not surprising, the consequence of early and far-sighted work by American scholars and policy planners started already in 1940. From the Harvard Group, the American Council of Learned Societies, and especially the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas (The Roberts Commission), a long and systemic preparation for the post-war period could thus lead to a meaningful and credible cultural policy under the Occupation.

Description Peer Reviewed
Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
22
Spage
73
Epage
88
Published Date
2016-11-30
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部
ISSN
1341-3546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
eng
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Set
hiroshima-cu