ジョージ・ケナンの「封じ込め」構想と対ソ戦争目的の設定 : 政策企画本部第38号文書を中心に

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/1433
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Title
ジョージ・ケナンの「封じ込め」構想と対ソ戦争目的の設定 : 政策企画本部第38号文書を中心に
Title Alternative
U.S. War Objectives against the Soviet Union: Two Strategic Approaches and Kennan’s Policy Plan
Author
氏名 鈴木 健人
ヨミ スズキ タケト
別名 SUZUKI Taketo
Subject
ジャージ・ケナン
封じ込め政策
ソ連邦
クラウゼヴィッツ
アメリカ民主主義
戦争目的
総力戦
国家安全保障会議
NSC
総合参謀本部
JCS
国務省
政策企画本部
PPS
戦争と政治
絶対戦争
非共産主義化
Abstract

In 1948, George Kennan, who was the director of the Policy Planning Staff of the U.S. Department of State, was ordered by the National Security Council (NSC) to examine the U.S. war objectives with respect to Russia. He did not believe that a war could happen between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, as a policy planner, he was forced to think about the possibility of a war. Kennan believed that there were two ways of thinking about war: one was the Clausewitz thesis ("War is continuation of politics by other means"), and the other was the American thesis ("Democracy fights in anger"). Kennan pointed out that the American attitude to war was not realistic in the case of war against Russia because the Soviet Government would not accept unconditional surrender. Thus, any war that happened would be terminated by political resolution through political negotiation. Kennan submitted his report to the National Security Council. The Joint Chiefs of Staff QCS), under the supervision of the NSC, ostensibly made use of his report as the basis of its war planning, but what the JCS actually planned was global war preparation in order to destroy Russia completely.

Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
7
Spage
55
Epage
80
Published Date
2001-07-31
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu