日米同盟と地方政治 : 岩国基地問題を事例として

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/3172
File
Title
日米同盟と地方政治 : 岩国基地問題を事例として
Title Alternative
The U.S.-Japan Alliance and Local Politics: A Case Study of the Iwakuni Base Problem
Author
氏名 池田 慎太郎
ヨミ イケダ シンタロウ
別名 IKEDA Shintaro
Subject
岩国基地
普天間基地
嘉手納基地
沖合移設
愛宕山開発
SACO
空母艦載機
NLP
厚木基地
米軍再編
住民投票
軍民共用空港
沖縄問題
Abstract

The purpose of this essay is to examine the relationship between the U.S.-Japan alliance and local politics focusing on the Iwakuni Base problem. The Iwakuni Base was originally established by the Imperial Japanese Navy in 1938, but the U.S. and the British Commonwealth countries seized it in 1945. Then U.S. Marine took initiative and the base became Marine Corps Air Station in 1962. After the incident that U.S. fighter crashed into the Kyushu University in 1968, the city and people of Iwakuni petitioned the Japanese Government for moving the base off the coast and the huge project began in 1997.
On the other hand, Okinawa's anger reached to the peak after the rape incident of an Okinawan girl by three U.S. soldiers in 1995. And the people surrounding the Atsugi Base complained about Night Landing Practice by carrier-based aircrafts. Thus Iwakuni was considered the best place to transfer aircrafts in Okinawa and Atsugi.
By a local referendum held in 2006, an overwhelming majority of Iwakuni said "NO" to accept the transfer of carrier-based aircrafts. However, the Japanese Government stopped granting a subsidy of 35 billion yen to construct a new Iwakuni city hall. Mayer Ihara resigned and ran for a mayoral election. Ihara criticized cruel treatment by the government and insisted to support local autonomy and democracy. However, Ihara was defeated by a former member of the House of Representatives who approved accepting carrier-based aircrafts in exchange for a subsidy. Thus it was decided that Iwakuni would be the largest air base in the Far East after the accomplishment of U.S. military transformation scheduled in 2014.

Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
14
Spage
1
Epage
17
Published Date
2008-12-10
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu