フィリピンの森林再生とコモンズの生成 : 住民による森林資源アクセスの拡大

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/3173
File
Title
フィリピンの森林再生とコモンズの生成 : 住民による森林資源アクセスの拡大
Title Alternative
Reforestation in the Philippines and Building the Commons: Expansion of People's Access to Forest Resources
Author
氏名 中島 正博
ヨミ ナカシマ マサヒロ
別名 NAKASHIMA Masahiro
Subject
森林再生
植林
造林
先住民
CBFM
NGO
住民組織
PO
自然資源管理
コモンズ
コモンズ生成
win-win関係
近代化
貧困緩和
Abstract

Deforestation in the Philippines is in the worst condition among those of South-east Asian countries. After the past commercial logging, further deterioration of the forest has been mainly due to swidden agricultural activities by local landless farmers who cultivate mountain slopes. Philippines government agencies and private organizations have been making efforts in reforesting the barren mountains. I visited such areas and studied their activities in the Santa Fe Municipality of Nueva Vizcaya Province. It was found essential to build Commons where people do not exploit but use and protect the forest resources. In order to promote reforestation by local people and to build Commons in reforested areas, I proposed that the government laws and regulations of reforestation give more freedom of utilizing forest products to local people who plant and grow trees on the state lands. Legally securing ownership of forest products will encourage local people to invest their resources in reforestation. Commons of managing the forest will grow among people with such a condition of autonomy. Mutual trust, which is presently lacking, will be enhanced between the government and local people through good practices of the both sides.

Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
14
Spage
19
Epage
32
Published Date
2008-12-10
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu