Japanese and German Women: Constructing Gender, Race and Nation in Wartime Japanese Women's Magazines

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/3175
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Title
Japanese and German Women: Constructing Gender, Race and Nation in Wartime Japanese Women's Magazines
Author
氏名 WÖHR Ulrike
ヨミ ヴェール ウルリケ
別名 Woehr Ulrike
Subject
日独関係史
戦争とジェンダー
ナショナリズムとジェンダー
コロニアリズムとジェンダー
ナショナリズムと女性の身体
戦時中の婦人雑誌
Helma Ott
Hilda von Dirksen
Gertrud Kücklich
Eleonore Matzky
Elfriede Donat
Hanni Meissner
Marie Nagaba
山脇道子
Yamawaki Michiko
村岡花子
Muraoka Hanako
Abstract

The relationship between wartime Japan and Germany under National Socialism was not one of unequivocal friendship and sympathy. Rather, the two countries were connected both in terms of alliance and opposition, each constituting for the other a model to be emulated, a mirror reconfirming one's own greatness and a warning example of what hindrances to steer clear of. In this paper, I reconstruct and analyse discourses in Japanese women’s magazines of the Asia Pacific War, which formed part of this process of constructing the self through the image of the other, and in which Japanese as well as German women were actively involved. My focus is on how these German and Japanese women produced and reproduced gendered and racialised images of their own as well as of the other nation and how they constructed gendered roles of participation in war and colonialism. I also examine the dynamics of the communication evolving between the Japanese and the German women. The analysis reveals nationalist and colonialist attitudes of the German women that went beyond National Socialist indoctrination, but it also shows the particular political and inter-cultural constraints that these discourses were subject to. The contributions by the Japanese women, on the other hand, were characterised by an unexpected degree of self-confidence and by occasional comments that clearly subverted the editorial pretext of presenting Germany as a model to be emulated by Japan.

Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
14
Spage
75
Epage
95
Published Date
2008-12-10
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
eng
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Note

2009.3.16正誤表(Errata)追加

Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu