地域コミュニティの再興に関する考察 : 日本におけるソーシャルキャピタルを巡る議論を基にして

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/4973
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Title
地域コミュニティの再興に関する考察 : 日本におけるソーシャルキャピタルを巡る議論を基にして
Title Alternative
Thoughts on Reviving a Local Community : Considerations Based on Social Capital Studies in Japan
Author
氏名 中島 正博
ヨミ ナカシマ マサヒロ
別名 NAKASHIMA Masahiro
Subject
個人主義
市民活動
生活の質
ソーシャルキャピタル
地域コミュニティ再興
地縁組織
内閣府調査
人間関係の希薄化
人と人とのつながり
パーソナル化
Abstract

Present society is characterized by weak human relationships,which result in various problems in local communities due to lack of collaborative work among residents. The causes for the phenomena can be attributed to such historical trends as social modernization,urbanization,market economy,and individualism. Social capital is an outcome of social relationships and is a useful concept to understand communities. Putnam (2000: 19) defines social
capital as the “connections among individuals --social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them." The Cabinet Office of the Japanese Government conducted two nationwide studies of social capital in 2002 and 2005. The results indicated a likelihood of declining social capital in Japan and pointed out the possibility of uplifting it by al local civil activity. However,re viewing the studies revealed the following. Civil activities to solve local problems would not be sufficient to lift social capital since its improvement will remain only a part of the community and they can not overcome the fundamental causes of the historical social trend. Recovering capabilities to solve local problems is necessary but not sufficient for community revival. To revive a community,it is necessary for people to pay regard to social ties. This requires a change in the way of people's life,whereas the prevailing social climate is to avoid personal association. The change is essential for quality of life. Civil activities to enhance quality of life are necessary. Then social capital of a community will be lifted widely and deeply enough for its revival.

Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
15
Spage
89
Epage
101
Published Date
2009-11-30
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu