準市場における非営利組織の役割と市場シェア : 介護サービス市場の分析

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/7404
File
Title
準市場における非営利組織の役割と市場シェア : 介護サービス市場の分析
Title Alternative
The Roles and Shares of Nonprofit Organizations in the Quasi Market :An Analysis of the Long Term Care Service Market
Author
氏名 金谷 信子
ヨミ カナヤ ノブコ
別名 KANAYA Nobuko
Subject
準市場
市場シェア
非営利組織
介護保険
NPO法人
社会福祉法人
社会福祉協議会
デイサービス
グループホーム
Abstract

Since the long term care insurance system introduced the quasi market in 2000, the market has grown rapidly and
nonprofit and for-profit organizations have competed with each other extensively. However little has been studied
about the factors which affect the market shares of nonprofit and for-profit organizations. This paper first reviews the
roles of nonprofit organizations, which are different from for-profit ones, in the mixed economy. Then it exarnines the
determinants of the market shares of several nonprofit and for-profit organizations in the long term care services,
focusing on the impact of market size and growth, demand heterogeneity and philanthropic activities, using a
prefectural panel data set. The results indicate, though not in all cases, that 1) the market shares of nonprofit
αganizations are relatively largerin the areas with more unprofitable market conditions, 2) the market shares of citizen-driven
nonprofit organizations are larger in the areas with more heterogeneous demand, related to educational level, compared
to government-driven nonprofit organizations and 3) the market shares of both nonprofit organizations are larger in the
areas with more active voluntary activities,though the effects are different between a general philanthropic activity and
a voluntary activity assisting government functions.

Description Peer Reviewed
Journal Title
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
Volume
16
Spage
37
Epage
53
Published Date
2010-11
Publisher
広島市立大学国際学部 (Hiroshima City University, Faculty of International Studies)
ISSN
1341-3546
NCID
AN10485683
Language
jpn
NIIType
Journal Article
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hiroshima-cu