狩猟採集社会の自然資源の利用と保全 : 縄文時代の人間と自然の関係を中心にして

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hiroshima-cu/metadata/799
ファイル
タイトル
狩猟採集社会の自然資源の利用と保全 : 縄文時代の人間と自然の関係を中心にして
別タイトル
Utilization and Conservation of Natural Resources in a Hunter-gatherers Society : Man and Nature Relations in Prehistoric Jomon Period
著者
氏名 中島 正博
ヨミ ナカシマ マサヒロ
別名 NAKASHIMA Masahiro
キーワード
先史時代
縄文時代
縄文文化
縄文人
狩猟採集
自然資源
資源利用
人間と自然の関係
自然観
世界観
アニミズム
自然破壊
生業
気候変動
農耕
渡来人
抄録

This paper considers a man-and-nature relation through a hunter-gatherers lifestyle in the Japanese prehistoric Jomon period. The Jomon people developed their lifestyle by hunting and gathering natural resources in the forests, rivers and seas in the Neolithic Age, when the forest widely regenerated after the glacial period. They utilized natural resources not only by collecting resources but also growing and processing them. Because of these active operations upon the nature, there was strain between man and the nature due to overuses and among peoples for the access to the resources. The Jomon people developed communities where a social order was imbedded to sustain the nature and people's life, i. e. , coexistence of the nature and man. By considering hunter-gatherers lifestyles in the past and present, it is thought that the Jomon people looked upon the nature as cyclic lives repeating life and death and as well as partners whom they had to associate or even negotiate with. Since nature's prosperity was vital for the people's life, they associated with the nature to enhance her prosperity by spiritual attitude of thank, awe and respect with such an expression as offerings. These are Jomon people's views on the nature and life and on their man-and-nature relation.

掲載雑誌名
広島国際研究 = Hiroshima Journal of International Studies
9
開始ページ
177
終了ページ
192
出版年月日
2003-11
出版者
広島市立大学国際学部
ISSN
13413546
NCID
AN10485683
本文言語
日本語
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
著者版フラグ
出版社版
旧URI
区分
hiroshima-cu