幼児期の咀嚼力に関する実態調査と評価法について

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hju/metadata/10923
File
Title
幼児期の咀嚼力に関する実態調査と評価法について
Title Alternative
Evaluation Methods and Survey of Masticatory Performance during Childhood
Author
氏名 下岡 里英
ヨミ シモオカ リエ
別名 SHIMOOKA Rie
氏名 高原 晶子
ヨミ タカハラ アキコ
別名 TAKAHARA Akiko
氏名 石見 百江
ヨミ イワミ モモエ
別名 IWAMI Momoe
Subject
preschool children
幼児
masticatory performanc
咀嚼能力
chewing gum method
チューインガム法
food and nutrition education
食育
NDC
374.97
491.343
Abstract

In the present study,w e conducted a survey of masticatory performance on 73 nursery school
children aged 4 to 5 years in Hiroshima City and investigated the effectiveness of using
chewing gum to evaluate masticatory performance.
On first time,approximately 50% of the children were found to be chewing inadequately by a
registered dietitian. Evaluation four months later revealed an increase in the number of
children with adequate chewing. However,it was clarified that evaluations of masticatory
performance differed between parents and dietitians. Furthermore,parental awareness
regarding food and nutrition education at nursery school and improvement of masticatory
performance were also low. A masticatory performance assessment survey was conducted twice
on nursery school children using two types of chewing gum. Compared with the initial survey,
results four months later showed an increase in mean evaluation scores for sugar elution and
color-evolving and this increase was significantly. Sugar elution and color-evolving change
assessment values tended to be higher in ursery school children evaluated by dietitians to be
chewing but this trend was not significant. Although evaluation using chewing gum requires
further investigation,these findings indicate the necessity of comprehensive evaluation of
masticatory performance in nursery school children through observation and chewing gumbased
assessment. Furthermore,information dissemination is required in order to increase the
consciousness of parents regarding the importance of chewing.

Journal Title
広島女学院大学生活科学部紀要
Volume
17
Spage
81
Epage
94
Published Date
2010-03-09
Publisher
広島女学院大学生活科学部
ISSN
09193529
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
Old URI
Set
hju