低体重および過体重学生の体格改善に対する栄養・食事指導の効果

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hju/metadata/11816
File
Title
低体重および過体重学生の体格改善に対する栄養・食事指導の効果
Title Alternative
Effectiveness of nutritional guidance for weight imprivement among underweight and overweight university students
Author
氏名 下岡 里英
ヨミ シモオカ リエ
別名 SHIMOOKA Rie
氏名 北島(森山) 幸枝
ヨミ キタジマ(モリヤマ) ユキエ
別名 KITAJIMA-MORIYAMA Yukie
氏名 市川 知美
ヨミ イチカワ トモミ
別名 ICHIKAWA Tomomi
氏名 妻木 陽子
ヨミ ツマキ ヨウコ
別名 TUMAKI Yoko
氏名 瀨山 一正
ヨミ セヤマ イッセイ
別名 SEYAMA Issei
Subject
低体重
過体重
学生
体格改善
栄養指導
食事指導
NDC
498.3
Abstract

This work was designed to study the efficiency of nutritional advice to students who are suffering from either ocerwaight or underweight problems. The recrds accumulated for two consective years of regular physical examinations of Hiroshima Jogakuin University indicate that 347 students out of a total 3,204 students had a BMI less than 18 and 221 students had a BMI more than 30. Twenty-one of the students whose BMI was less than 18 and 11 students whose BMI was more than 30 were enrolled in this study, aiming at faining an appropriate body weight, by regular consultation (onece or twice every month from May to December) on their nutritional states and lifesyle. At every consultation. materials for stress markers such as cortisol in saliva and catecholamine in urine were collected. Among 27 students (17 students with BMI≦18 and 10 students with BMI≧30) who have continously participated in this project until the end, 20 students showed improvement of their body weifht, showing that this suidance is effective. On the other hand, there was no difference in stress markiers between students having a beneficial effects and those not. The most influential factors for this improvement are listed as follows: 1) underweight students started to take a breakfast regularly and improve the contents of their meals and 2) overweight students stopped taking snacks and introduced physical exercise.
According to the survey done at the beginning of this project, noticeable points are : 1) a determinant factor for hoping to take a nutritional fuidance continuously is dependent on whether they felt physically well or not; 2) students with BMI≦18 tend to stick to the present body image and to hold a thin body image, in which its body weight is less by 8kg than an appropriate body weight. as their "desired figure" ; 3) among the students who did not take fuidance, menstrual irregularity was recognized more frequently. compared with those who participated.
Taken together, we need to disseminate more information about the adverse physical effects of being underweight.

Journal Title
広島女学院大学生活科学部紀要
Volume
19
Spage
31
Epage
50
Published Date
2012-03-09
Publisher
広島女学院大学生活科学部
ISSN
0910-3529
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
Old URI
Set
hju