イングランドにおける中等学校修了資格試験の成立過程 ―SCE を中心として―

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hju/metadata/12323
File
Title
イングランドにおける中等学校修了資格試験の成立過程 ―SCE を中心として―
Title Alternative
School Certificate Examinations in the Early 20th Century England
Author
氏名 中村 勝美
ヨミ ナカムラ カツミ
別名 NAKAMURA Katsumi
Subject
School Certificate Examinations
中等学校修了資格試験
external examination
学外試験
twentieth-century England
20世紀イギリス
secondary education
中等学校
comparability
比較可能性
NDC
376.3233
375.17
Abstract

Examinations had played an important role in twentieth-century England. The secondary schools in the interwar period were dominated by the new national examination system: School and Higher School Certificates. The objective of this paper is to discuss the procedure, which led to these examinations in 1918.
Instead of creating a national system,public examinations grew originally in response to public demand in nineteenth-century England. The key actors were examination boards, established by universities. During the nineteenth-century, most secondary schools were private establishments. Head teachers sought a means of providing their efficiency. By the end of the century, there seemed to be too much competition between the several examining bodies, both Taunton and Bryce Commissions recommended the greater coherence. However, schools avoided central government interference in this field, and preferred to remain under examining boards.
In 1911, the Board of Education commissioned a report on Examinations in Secondary Schools (Acland Report) which recommended a centralization of schools examinations. In 1917, Secondary School Examinations Council was created with a membership representing the examining boards, the local authorities, and teachers. The Board exercised the responsibility for co-ordinating School Certificate system through the agency of this advisory body. The SSEC worked to secure reasonable equivalence and comparability in the demands of group requirements and examination standards of the boards. The history of a national examination system shows that those who control assessment procedures have power not only over the nature of such procedures, curricula, and teaching methods, but also over the purpose to study.

Journal Title
広島女学院大学人間生活学部紀要
Issue
7
Spage
39
Epage
49
Published Date
2020-03-16
Publisher
広島女学院大学人間生活学部
ISSN
2188-4439
2188-4447
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
Set
hju