ナチス政権下における教会の対応ことグラフ・フォン・ガレン司教の抵抗運動

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hju/metadata/5184
File
Title
ナチス政権下における教会の対応ことグラフ・フォン・ガレン司教の抵抗運動
Title Alternative
German Catholic Church under the Nazi Regime and Resistance Offered by the Bishop Graf von Galen
Author
氏名 大里 巌
ヨミ オオサト イワオ
別名 OSATO Iwao
Subject
教会
ナチス政権
NDC
234.074
Abstract

As it was only to clear that the Nazi ideology and resulting nationalistic policy were totally incompatible with the presence of the Church, its doctrine, spirit and structure, the Nazi Regime intended from the start to suppress the Church. However, the Nazi government needed citizens' support in order to pursure its policies such as the military aggression to begin with, and for this purpose Concordat was signed with the Church, giving it a formal assurrance of ecclesiastical freedom. In fact, the German government never hesitated to seize every opportunity to oppress the Church, while the Episcopal Corps was unable to cope effectively with the political power to defend the Church, and this forced them to end up with submission to the Regime's will.
Yet, there were a very small number of the Church elites who dared to challenge openly the Regime's acts of inhumanity and oppression to the Catholic Church, of whom the Bishop Graf von Galen was the most prominent figure. In this paper, the Author reviews the well-known three sermons made by the Bishop and his course of resistance movement to see how the Bishop's words and behavior influenced not only catholics but also non-catholics and how the Nazi regime reacted to the resistance in order to understand the meaning of his resistance.

Journal Title
広島女学院大学論集
Volume
48
Spage
21
Epage
37
Published Date
1998-12
Publisher
広島女学院大学
ISSN
03748057
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hju