朝鮮に於ける日本の植民地教育 (4)-改正朝鮮教育令(大正11年)実施までを中心として-

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hju/metadata/5721
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Title
朝鮮に於ける日本の植民地教育 (4)-改正朝鮮教育令(大正11年)実施までを中心として-
Title Alternative
Japanese Colonial Education in Korea (4) - Up to the “Revised Educational Ordinance of Korea" (1922)-
Author
氏名 清水 慶秀
ヨミ シミズ ケイシュウ
別名 SHIMIZU Keishu
Subject
植民地教育
朝鮮
NDC
371.5
Abstract

The characteristics of the educational policies of the Colonial Government
of Korea,as master-minded by the governor M. Terauchi,were,as exemplified by the “Educational Ordinance of Korea",a) segregated dual educational setup [or the Japanese nationals and for the vernacular Koreans,b) imposition of the Japanese language to the reaches of the school-life of Korean children expelling the Korean vernacular to the last letters. However, even the dictatorial ruling of the Japanese Government could not avert the eventual dilemma of colonial education,i.e.,Even the minimum of education granted to the oppressed is to touch off eventually the racial awakening among the subjected." In the wake of the universal insurrection of March 1,1919 throughout the territory,so-called “civilian administration" was adopted
for the colony. The civilan administration, however,was in no way intended to grant
independence and autonomy to the Koreans. It was to eventually convert the Korean natives into Japanese subject along the way of the least resistance...a smoother path of administering the policy of "assimilation" originally conceived and put forth. The major change in educational scope along this general shift in policy took form in the revision of the Ordinance. The Revised Educational Ordinance of Korea was put to effectby the third governor M. Saito on Feb. 2,1922. The revised ordinance differed from the former in the following major aspects: a) it united the formerly isolated two educational set-ups,one for the Japanese residents and the other for vernacular Koreans,b) equalized the standards between the comparable grades of the both systems of education,c) approvecl the institution of universities,d) established teachers colleges. According to the revision,the institions for the primary education was in a
parallel system,one for the Japanese nationals speaking Japanese and another
for the Korean populace speaking in Korean. The Korean children who mastered enough Japanese were allowed to attend the Japanese speaking primary schools,and likewise with middle schools (for boys) and with girls'
high schools. Distinction as to whether one spoke Japanese or not was made by the rate
of habitual recourse to the privileged language. To be eligible,one had to
be speaking it habitually in his daily life,thus excluding those whose use of
Japanese was limited to the site of their trade or of occasional conversations.
The revision also elevated the status of the senior schools for boys and senior schools for girls,both Korean,to the equivalent of the middle schools and the girls' high schools,both for the Japanese. The Imperial University of Keijo (Seoul) was founded May 15,1926,with limited number of Korean
matriculants. The revision was,in sum,with all its apparent improvement and leniencies,
to the interest of the Koreans themselves,a furthering of the imposition of the
"assimi1ation" and of the Japanese language.

Journal Title
広島女学院大学論集
Volume
10
Spage
107
Epage
127
Published Date
1960-12
Publisher
広島女学院大学
ISSN
0374-8057
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Old URI
Set
hju