中国北部の農業経営状況 : 内モンゴル自治区東部農業地帯を事例として

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/hkg/metadata/12045
File
Title
中国北部の農業経営状況 : 内モンゴル自治区東部農業地帯を事例として
Title Alternative
Farming Management in Northern China : Agrarian Areas in the Eastern Part of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Author
氏名 山本 昌弘
ヨミ ヤマモト マサヒロ
別名 Yamamoto Masahiro
氏名 趙 国華
ヨミ
別名 Tang Guohua
Subject
Farming management
nonagricultural labor market
reclaimability
price of agricultural product
農業経営状況
農外労働市場
開墾可能性
農産物価格
Abstract

In this study, the author surveyed farming management in two rural agricultural communities located in the eastern part of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and reached the conclusions described below. One community was Village A in Tongliao City, Kailu County, which does not have much reclaimable land, and the other was Village B in Keerqin Right Middle Banner, Xingan League, where there is reclaimable land in relative abundance.
In Village A, large-scale farming management (covering 6.7hectares of land or more) was not sufficient to compete with the relatively high wages in nonagricultural work, and farming management was overwhelmed by the strength of the nonagricultural labor market to attract labor in agricultural villages. In particular, the prices of agricultural products have continued to fall after 2010, and it is expected that for the time being, such an overwhelming trend will continue. In Village B as well, a similar trend will persist because many pieces of farmland have been left unattended compared to Village A, although there are no large differences in agricultural income between the two.
From the above, it can be said that in northern China, agriculture does not have a firm foundation in either areas, as with Village A and Village B. In Village B, because there is still some reclaimable land, there is a possibility that the scale of farming management will be expanded steadily and farming will be actively resumed if the prices of agricultural products rise again.

本稿では内モンゴル自治区東部農業地帯において,開墾可能な土地があまり存在しない通遼市開魯市A村と,開墾可能な土地が比較的潤沢に存在する興安(ヒンガン)盟科尓沁(ホルチン)右翼中旗B村を対象として農業経営状況に関し調査を行い,以下のような結論を得た。
A村においては100ムー(約670アール)以上の,相対的高額の農外就労賃金に対抗できる大規模経営の厚みが薄く,農外労働市場の強烈な農家労働力吸引力に農家経営は圧倒されている。特に,2010年以降農産物価格は低落傾向を示しており,当面はそのような「圧倒」傾向は持続すると考えられる。B村においても,A村に比べれば粗放的経営が多く農業所得面では大きな違いはないので,「圧倒」される傾向は維持される。
以上のような意味で中国北部農業は,A村的な地域でもB村的な地域でも盤石とはいえないといってよい。なお,B村においては,開墾可能な土地が今なお存在するので農産物価格が再び上昇すれば,農業経営の規模拡大が順調に進み,積極的な農業展開が再開する可能性はあると考えられる。

Description Peer Reviewed
査読有
Journal Title
広島国際学院大学研究報告
Volume
52
Spage
25
Epage
36
Published Date
2019-12
Publisher
広島国際学院大学
ISSN
1345-3858
NCID
AA11419398
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Set
hkg