都市デザイン工学科における空間理解をうながす教育の試み

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/it-hiroshima/metadata/12043
ファイル
タイトル
都市デザイン工学科における空間理解をうながす教育の試み
別タイトル
Understanding space and scale for students at Department of Civil Engineering and Urban Design
著者
氏名 今川 朱美
ヨミ イマガワ アケミ
別名 Imagawa-Sato Akemi
氏名 石井 義裕
ヨミ イシイ ヨシヒロ
別名 Ishii Yoshihiro
氏名 村中 昭典
ヨミ ムラナカ アキノリ
別名 Muranaka Akinori
キーワード
space design
spread design education
area planning
Foundation drawing studies
抄録

The Department of Civil Engineering and Urban Design define Engineering Design as“ the formulation of a plan to create a product with a specified performance”. It is essential that civil engineering
graduates have an understanding of imagining and creating objects in three dimensions (3D). In addition, there are many benefits in giving engineers an understanding of the creative design
process.
A series of four lectures entitled ‘The Understanding of Space’ are held continuously from the 2nd to 5th semester:
1. Foundation Geometry Drawing
2. Information and Design in Urban Engineering,
3. Space Creation Design
4. Advanced Space Creation Practice
In the first topic, Foundation Geometry Drawing, the group can select the content of the session according to their ability, and the seating arrangement is devised so the students can mutually support
each other by sharing ideas. Moreover, a textbook has been specifically written for this topic; it references a textbook of Mechanical Engineering, (Graphics and drafting) and Art Study, (Graphics
in a design) in order to understand the true concept of space beyond the constraints of the civil engineering course.
There is also a practical aspect of the module where the student is required to study a trihedral figure and then draw it in a cross section, third angle projection as well as in perspective. The textbook
sets out the task and provides the tools and method to resolve the problem. However this is a challenging task. Some students were able to visualise the trihedral shape by comparing the trihedral
figure with a single view drawing. On the other hand, some students were not able to grasp the concept of plane and solid bodies.
So a 3D model of the trihedral form is created in polystyrene foam (Styrofoam) and then used as a teaching aid to assist in the explanation of how to draw the trihedral form. It also demonstrates errors
in the front and side view and hopefully improves understanding of the interrelation between the plan and the orthogonal views.
The students were then set a sheet of graphical problems for which they were required to return a drawing. When the submitted drawing is marked and returned, any mistakes can be explained systematically,
one by one, with reference to the 3D model. This ability to physically compare 2D and 3D representations of the same shape greatly enhances the learning process. The student inevitably
learns, through their mistakes, to see how a 3D solid form can be defined and created graphically. Once the problem has been solved by the student, it was recorded so the process of‘ defining the
space’ could be understood and considered afterwards.

掲載雑誌名
広島工業大学紀要. 教育編
13
開始ページ
9
終了ページ
13
出版年月日
2014-02
出版者
広島工業大学
ISSN
1346-9983
NCID
AA11599121
本文言語
日本語
資料タイプ
紀要論文
著者版フラグ
出版社版
区分
it-hiroshima