サッカーにおける育成年代ゴールキーパーがゲーム中に展開する指示とゴールキーパー好意度の関係―山陽地区U-12年代ゴールキーパーの事例報告―

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/kure-nct/metadata/12070
File
Title
サッカーにおける育成年代ゴールキーパーがゲーム中に展開する指示とゴールキーパー好意度の関係―山陽地区U-12年代ゴールキーパーの事例報告―
Title Alternative
A relationship between "Instructions" that goalkeepers give during a game and the positive feelings towards a goalkeeper among soccer players in the training age―A case report of goalkeepers under 12 years old in Sanyo district―
Author
氏名 丸山 啓史
ヨミ マルヤマ ケイシ
別名 MARUYAMA Keishi
氏名 佐賀野 健
ヨミ サガノ タケシ
別名 SAGANO Takeshi
氏名 一箭 フェルナンド ヒロシ
ヨミ イチヤ フェルナンド ヒロシ
別名 ICHIYA Fernando Hirosh
氏名 房野 真也
ヨミ ボウノ シンヤ
別名 BONO Shinya
氏名 幸田 三広
ヨミ コウタ ミツヒロ
別名 KOTA Mitsuhiro
Subject
Ability of instractions
Motivation
Communication
Tactical thinking
指示能力
動機付け
コミュニケーション
戦術的思考
Abstract

This study was conducted from the viewpoint of an increase in people who want to play was a goalkeeper, which was one of the issues on goalkeeper development in Japan. In this study, I focused on a relationship between “instructions” that goalkeepers gave during a game and the positive feelings towards a goalkeeper, and the purpose of this study was to quantitatively and qualitatively consider this relationship among goalkeepers under 12 years old. The survey respondents were 46 goalkeepers under 12 years old. I analyzed the video and sound materials made by synchronizing video of soccer games with instructions by goalkeepers.
In addition, I conducted interviews with the 46 goalkeepers to analyze their instructions. I categorized them by the positive feelings towards a goalkeeper into 3 groups; 25 of them were in the upper group, 13 were in the middle group and 8 were in the lower group. The results are shown below.
1) The number of utterances and instructions of the upper group was significantly higher than that of the middle group and the lower group.
2) As for the positons and areas that the goalkeeper gave instructions about, the goalkeepers in the lower group gave instructions for the players close by them more frequently than those in the upper group and the middle group. Also, as for the timing of instructions form the goalkeepers and the targets of instructions, they gave more instructions at “off-play” and “the players who touch a soccer ball indirectly”.
3) As regards the details of the instructions of the goalkeepers, the goalkeepers in all 3 groups give instructions for “the players who touch a soccer ball directly” at “on-play”, that is “requirement of a direct play” (an instruction for offense) and “approach” (an instruction for defense). Also they give instructions for “the players who touch a soccer ball indirectly”, that is “requirement of catching a pass” and “modification of a position” (an instruction for offense) and “confirmation of a mark” and “modification and confirmation of a position” (an instruction for defense).
From these results, as for goalkeeper development under 12 years old, it seems that, for the lower group, a coaching to become aware of a tactical part, namely an instruction from a goalkeeper, is necessary.
In addition, for the upper group, I expect that their ability of an instruction can improve when they are required to give a high-quality instruction for “the players who touch a soccer ball indirectly”.

Journal Title
呉工業高等専門学校研究報告
Issue
81
Spage
9
Epage
21
Published Date
2019
Publisher
呉工業高等専門学校
ISSN
0286-4037
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Set
kure-nct