住み込み女中ハナ・カルウィックが観たパイロンの悲劇『サルダナパラス』

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/pu-hiroshima/metadata/10508
ファイル
タイトル
住み込み女中ハナ・カルウィックが観たパイロンの悲劇『サルダナパラス』
別タイトル
Lord Byron's Sardanapalus: A Tragedy As Seen by Hannah Cullwick, a Victorian Maid-servant
著者
氏名 吉本 和弘
ヨミ ヨシモト カズヒロ
別名 Yoshimoto Kazuhiro
内容記述

In 1854 Hannah Cullwick, a 21-year-old Victorian maid-servant, met a 26-year-old gentleman named Arthur Munby on the Oxford Street in London. They fell in love with each other on the spot and started an unusual master-slave relationship crossing the class barrier between them. Later they secretly got married without being known to anybody except Hannah's close relatives. Munby, an upper-middle class gentleman, was interested in working class women and it was his favorite pastime to find hard-working women and talk to them. Hannah was one of his findings, so to speak. On the other hand, Hannah also had a reason to be attracted to Munby. She was looking for a man for whom she could serve as a slave. What made Hannah earnestly interested in becoming somebody's slave was a popular stage play that Hannah had seen in her spare time one year before they met. The play was Lord George Gordon Byron's historic tragedy, Sardanapalus, which depicts a feminine, peace-loving King of ancient Nineveh and the decline and collapse of the Assirian Empire in one night. It also depicts a love story between the king Sardanapalus and a slave woman, Myrrah. Hannah was very impressed with the love between the king and the slave, and identified herself with the slave. So, it may be said that the stage play eventually changed her life. This paper discusses what qualities of the play, Sardanapalus, Hannah and many other Victorians were impressed with most and how the tragic impression was created by the story or the death of the feminine king Sardanapalus. It also discusses the historical and social background of the play from which it was produced and the reasons why it could receive such high reputation and popularity among the Victorians. This paper focuses on the characteristics of the slave, Myrrah, considering her background both as an Ionian and as a Greek. We can hypothesize that Hannah was particularly attracted to the slave Myrrah's deep democratic values, and the uniqueness of her trying to influence the king Sardanapalus, which came from her Greek origin. This paper speculates that it was this heroism that inspired not only Hannah but also countless Victorians.

掲載雑誌名
県立広島大学人間文化学部紀要
7
開始ページ
123
終了ページ
140
出版年月日
2012-02
出版者
県立広島大学
ISSN
2186-5590
NCID
AA12116573
本文言語
日本語
資料タイプ
紀要論文
著者版フラグ
出版社版
ソートキー
013
旧URI
区分
pu-hiroshima