19世紀末米国関税法の変更と 3 つの革命

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/pu-hiroshima/metadata/12753
File
Title
19世紀末米国関税法の変更と 3 つの革命
Title Alternative
Changes in U. S. Tariffs and Three Revolutions at the End of the 19th Century
Author
氏名 小平 直行
ヨミ コダイラ ナオユキ
別名 Naoyuki KODIRA
Abstract

An American prominent diplomatic historian, Walter Lafeber said that changes in U. S. tariffs
triggered two revolutions and accelerated a third in sugar islands in the 1890s. Many scholars have
observed the relationship between them, but some have misunderstood. This paper attempts to correct thesemisunderstandings.
One of the misunderstandings relates to the reciprocity of the Makinley Tariff. It offered not a differential advantage but only a differential advantage to the sugar islands.
Secondly, misunderstandings relate to the relationship between the Makinley Tariff and the Hawaiian Reciprocity Treaty that gave Hawaiian sugar a differential advantage. The former made the latter invalid. That gave rise to an attempt to regain its sugar’s preferential position by getting the Makinley Tariff’s bounty.
Thirdly, misunderstandings relate to the effects of the sugar schedule on the Makinley Tariff. The Sugar Trust had preferred centrifugal sugar to widen the margin between the price of refined sugar and that of raw sugar. The uniform duty on raw sugar of the Makinley Tariff put spurt the trend. Therefore, the importation of centrifugal sugar increased that manufactured in a few islands and colonies, such as Cuba, Hawaii, and Dutch
East India.

Journal Title
県立広島大学人間文化学部紀要
Volume
16
Spage
41
Epage
53
Published Date
20210301
ISSN
2186-5590
NCID
AA12116573
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Set
pu-hiroshima