ジャンクからパストラルへ:カーヴァーにおける「食の衰微」とエコロジカルな自然観

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/pu-hiroshima/metadata/12811
File
Title
ジャンクからパストラルへ:カーヴァーにおける「食の衰微」とエコロジカルな自然観
Title Alternative
The Degradation of Eating and the Ecological View of Nature in Raymond Carver
Author
氏名 栗原 武士
ヨミ クリハラ タケシ
別名 Takeshi KURIHARA
Abstract

  Today's discourse of the contemporary experience of eating―that is, what we should eat and how our foods should be produced―is a highly political issue rather than merely a matter of personal taste and choice. What Tigner and Carruth call“ gastropolitics” refers to the various social activism for“ food justice” and wide-ranging academic discussions, including gastronomy, sociology, cultural studies, environmental criticism, and other related disciplinary fields. In the 1960s, mirroring the increasing public attention to ecological concerns, hippies took on their attempt to realize a self-sufficient diet in their communities as an alternative to industrial agriculture with the widespread use of chemical fertilizer. Growing social awareness of the various problem caused by the fast-food industry gave worldwide momentum to the slow food movement in the 1980s and the popularity of locavorism. Following these activisms, the multitude of publications on the experience of contemporary eating since around the 2000s took shape as an interdisciplinary academic field known as“ food studies,” such as Eric Schlosser's Fast Food Nation (2001), Michael Pollan's The Omnivore's Dilemma ( 2006), and Amy L. Tigner and Allison Carruth's Literature and Food Studies ( 2018). Our ordinary daily act of eating and choosing food is political. It should be understood as a part of a larger social environment, as the feminist activists in the 1960s once said,“ Personal is political.”
  When considered in this context, Raymond Carver's representation of eating and food calls for sociopolitical examination and should be reinterpreted under the new light of food studies' discourse. The preceding studies on Carver overlooked how his fiction employed the image of junk foods, which have been socially condemned from nutritional, sociocultural, and environmental points of view. This study connects Carver's use of grotesque images of junk food to his lower-class characters' daily experience of poverty and their social positions as captives of capitalist exploitation in reference to Pollan's criticism against the contemporary food industry and Tatsushi Fujihara's thought-provoking discussion on the degradation of modern eating. In the analysis, this grotesque portrayal of junk foods and the unnatural culinary practice of characters ironically uncover Carver's ecological view of nature. In the final section of this paper, I will examine how Carver's ideal of pastoral food is seamlessly interconnected with the nature inhabited by various non-humans by exploring his two poems, “Eagles” and“ The Fields.”

Journal Title
県立広島大学地域創生学部紀要
Volume
1
Spage
159
Epage
170
Published Date
20220315
Publisher
県立広島大学
ISSN
2437-0169
NCID
AA12937707
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
013
Set
pu-hiroshima