発達障害を有する不登校経験者が就労継続にいたるまでの主観的な体験についての質的研究

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/pu-hiroshima/metadata/12827
File
Title
発達障害を有する不登校経験者が就労継続にいたるまでの主観的な体験についての質的研究
Title Alternative
Subjective experience of those who have never attended school before continuing to work: Qualitative research
Author
氏名 友田 直哉
ヨミ トモタ ナオヤ
別名 TOMOTA Naoya
氏名 織田 靖史
ヨミ オリタ ヤスシ
別名 ORITA Yasushi
氏名 永吉 美香
ヨミ ナガヨシ ミカ
別名 NAGAYOSHI Mika
氏名 山西 葉子
ヨミ ヤマニシ ヨウコ
別名 YAMANISHI Yoko
氏名 澤田 いのり
ヨミ サワダ イノリ
別名 SAWADA Inori
氏名 増田 一子
ヨミ マスダ ハツネ
別名 MASUDA Hatsune
Subject
不登校
支援者
就労
主観的体験
質的研究
school refusal
support for difficulties
employment
subjective experience
qualitative research
Abstract

〈目的〉本研究の目的は,不登校の経験を持つ対象者の就労継続に至るまでの主観的経験を明らかにすることだっ た。
〈方法〉対象者2 名に半構造化インタビューを実施し,テキスト化した音声データを,Steps for Coding and Theorization(以下;SCAT)で分析した。
〈結果〉A氏の理論記述からは,①不登校の原因,②不登校者を生み出す学校の構造,③不登校者の持つ悪循環, ④自分を守るためのコーピング,⑤不登校者の変化のきっかけ,⑥就労に繋がる支援の方法,⑦就労の継続に繋 がる条件というカテゴリーに分けられた。またB氏からは,①不登校の原因,②不登校による母子の対立と和解, ③自分を守るためのコーピング,④不登校者の変化のきっかけ,⑤就労に繋がる支援の方法,⑥就労の継続に繋 がる条件のカテゴリーの存在に分けられた。
〈考察〉本結果から,不登校者が就労継続に至るまでの過程で,不登校のきっかけ,支援の条件,就労継続に関 する 3 つのフェーズの存在が推察された。

The purpose of this study was to conduct interviews with subjects who had taken a leave of absence during their elementary and junior high school years and are currently employed in order to clarify their subjective experiences in each situation leading up to their continued employment. Semi-structured interviews of about one hour each were conducted with two individuals, Ms. A and Mr. B, face-to-face. The audio data was converted to text and analyzed by Steps for Coding and Theorization (SCAT). From Ms. A's experience, it became clear that there were seven categories of support methods, including the causes of truancy, the structure of schools that produce truants, the vicious cycle of truancy, coping to protect oneself, triggers for change in truants, support methods that lead to employment, and conditions that lead to continued employment. From Mr. B's experience, it became clear that there were six categories of support methods, including the causes of truancy, confl ict and reconciliation between mother and child due to truancy, coping to protect oneself, triggers for change in truants, support methods that lead to employment, and conditions that lead to continued employment. From the results of this study, the following three phases were identifi ed: (1) environmental adjustment in providing support, (2) support tailored to each individual's characteristics, and (3) continuous support after employment.

Description

事例研究

Journal Title
人間と科学 : 県立広島大学保健福祉学部誌 = Humanity and science : journal of the Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima
Volume
22
Issue
1
Spage
31
Epage
43
Published Date
2022-03
Publisher
県立広島大学
Created Date
2022-03
ISSN
1346-3217
NCID
AA12121256
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
06
Set
pu-hiroshima