ポーランドの女性作家のアウシュヴィッツの経験 : S.シュマグレフスカの『ビルケナウの煙』

URI http://harp.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/pu-hiroshima/metadata/5823
File
Title
ポーランドの女性作家のアウシュヴィッツの経験 : S.シュマグレフスカの『ビルケナウの煙』
Title Alternative
A Polish Female Writer Tells of Her Experiences in Auschwitz : “Smoke over Birkenau” by S. Szmaglewska
Author
氏名 Urszula Styczek
ヨミ ウルシュラ スティチェック
別名 Urszula Styczek
Abstract

Smoke over Birkenau, written by Seweryna Szmaglewska is based on her own experience as an Auschwitz-Birkenau prisoner. She was arrested in 1942 by the Gestapo for participation in Underground activities and soon sent to Birkenau, where she spent three years until being transported to Germany in the early days of January 1945 as the concentration camp was evacuated to the west, retreating from the approaching Red Army. Fortunately, she managed to escape from the evacuation transport in January 1945 and came back to Poland. As soon as she ran away from the camp, she started writing her book which was completed in July 1945 and was published at the very end of the year of 1945. Her book became a valuable testimony in the Nuremberg Trials in 1946 and she was even requested to testify as a witness in the trial. Her book has been reprinted more than twenty times and is still regarded as one of the best novels of "literature of fact" which describes explicitly the cruelty of the Nazi concentration camps in Auschwitz and Birkenau. Szmaglewska's narration is indifferent and unemotional, compared to other authors such as T.Borowski or Z.Kossak. She simply states the naked facts without any editorial comments. Therefore her novel appears even more factual and harsh. In my paper I am focusing on the structure and the contents of "Smoke over Birkenau", and discussing the variety of problems which appeared in everyday life in Auschwitz-Birkenau such as illnesses and their medical treatments, severe work inside and outside the camp, the life in barracks, and death in the gas chambers.

Description

原著

Original

国立情報学研究所で電子化

Journal Title
県立広島大学人間文化学部紀要
Volume
3
Spage
103
Epage
120
Published Date
2008-02
Publisher
県立広島大学
ISSN
13467816
NCID
AA12116573
Language
jpn
NIIType
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version
出版社版
Sort Key
11
Old URI
Set
pu-hiroshima